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The Maine legislature banned spring bear hunting in 1982. It was a decision based on politics, not science.
I am looking at an article on spring bear hunting in the June 2014 Bowhunting World magazine, trumpeting “Travel to true adventure by bowhunting Western black bears this spring.”
The magazine favors spring hunts in Oregon, New Mexico, Alaska, Idaho, Utah, Wyoming, and many Canadian provinces. Baiting is allowed in Alaska, Idaho, Utah, and Wyoming and much of Canada.
From 1770 to 1957, Maine paid bounties for dead bears and they were considered and treated as pests until 1931, when hunting seasons were introduced. From 1942 to 1965, bears were hunted year-round. Until 1969 we didn’t even monitor the harvest.